Military Vehicle Spotlight: 1945 GPW 4X4

1945 GPW 4×4
Restored by Richard Grace
Photo by David Doyle

Ford GPW 1/4-ton Truck (G-503)
Gross Weight: 3,650 lbs.
Engine: Ford GPW 4-Cylinder
Displacement: 134 cu. in.
Fuel: Gasoline
Horsepower: 54 @ 4,000 rpm
Maximum Speed: 65 mph
Maximum Range: 285 miles

HISTORICAL NOTE:

Once the design of the Jeep was standardized, the Government gave a production contract to Willys for its MB model. Ford received contract to put into production a copy of the Willys design which it designated the “GPW” (G=Government Vehicle, P=80-inch wheelbase reconnaissance car and W=Willys-designed engine). Ford built the GPW at six plants.

Early production GPWs have a large, script “Ford” embossed on the rear panel. Ford discontinued embossing the rear panel in July 1942. Ford built  277,896 GPW jeeps in addition to 4,458 GP jeeps, and 12,774 Ford GPA amphibious jeeps.

 

 

Related Posts:

2 thoughts on “Military Vehicle Spotlight: 1945 GPW 4X4

  1. jgilmore on said:

    A few corrections to this are needed………

    You wrote:
    “…..Once the design of the Jeep was standardized, the Government gave a production contract to Willys for its MB model. Ford received a license to put into production a copy of the Willys design……”

    An old wives tale…..along with the one that it was the “powerful Willys engine” that got Willys the first contract ( they bid the lowest and won the contract on their low bid only) is this one about the “license” from Willys to build the GPW….. Nothing could be further from the truth……there was NO “license” from Willys as there was nothing for Willys to license….the majority of the MB design came from the Bantam and Ford pilots. In fact Willys was “allowed” to use the Ford patents on the grille, back seat and windshield with no royalty payments and the basic body design came from the Ford pilot and the later Ford GP.

    “…..which it designated the “GPW” (G=Government contract, P=80-inch wheelbase reconnaissance car and W=Willys-designed engine)…..”

    Just a nit-pick……..G = Government vehicle and not contract.

    “…..Early production GPWs have a large, script “Ford” embossed on the rear panel. Ford discontinued embossing the rear panel in July 1942. The grille was fabricated from slats of steel until January 6, 1942, when Ford introduced the stamped grille…….”

    No Ford GPW vehicles used the “slat” type grille ( Designed and patented by Ford Design Engineer Clarence Kramer and used on the Ford GP jeep) as only the early Willys MB used this type of grille in the standardized WW II jeep..

    “…..Total production of all Ford Jeeps numbered 277,896 vehicles….”

    277,896 is the number for the GPW production and not the total number of Ford jeeps built. You have to add the 4,458 Ford GP jeeps to this and 12,774 Ford GPA amphibious jeeps to get the ” production total of all Ford jeeps”….not counting the Ford GP and GPA pilot models

    Jim Gilmore
    Jim Thorpe, PA.

    • John Adams-Graf on said:

      Thank you SO much, Jim! I will get our template of info corrected so we don’t keep repeating the same erroneous data!

      I am so glad you are willing to take the time to read over these and then share what you know.

      If folks don’t know who Jim is, he is the Ford Jeep Meister! We are lucky that he shares what he has in his brain.

      JAG

Leave a Reply