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Napoleon's coded letter about the Kremlin sells for $243,500


FONTAINEBLEAU, France – A secret code letter sent by French emperor Napoleon boasting that his multinational forces would blow up Moscow's Kremlin sold at auction Dec. 2 for EU 187,500 (or $243,500 US dollars) – 10 times its estimated presale price.

The Paris Museum of Letters and Manuscripts was finalizing its purchase of the Oct. 20, 1812, document with elegantly calligraphic ciphers.

According to Fontainebleau Auction House south of Paris, the final sale price, which includes fees, went far beyond the pre-sale estimate of EU 15,000 (or $19,500 US dollars).

According to experts, the letter is unique, written in a numeric code that Napoleon often used to throw off would-be interceptors – notably when he was conveying battle plans. The letter's content also revealed the strains on Napoleon of his calamitous Russian invasion.

"At three o'clock in the morning, on the 22nd I am going to blow up the Kremlin,'' the letter said, laying out his route of retreat and urging his minions to send rations to the towns to the west. "My cavalry is in tatters, many horses are dying.''

Napoleon's prolific correspondence has drawn aficionados from around the world in places like the U.S., Britain, Japan and Russia. Interest appears to be rising as museums like the Museum of Letters and Manuscripts prepare to mark the bicentennial of Napoleon's final defeat at Waterloo in 1815.

The Kremlin letter was but one piece in the vast auction Dec. 2. A 310-page manuscript for the "Essay on countryside fortification,'' which Napoleon wrote while exiled on the remote island of Saint Helena in 1818-1919, was also bought by the Paris museum for EU 375,000 (or $487,000 US dollars).



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